“That is the last speech he will ever make.” So remarked John Wilkes Booth on April 11, 1865, after listening to President Abraham Lincoln deliver remarks outside the White House. Speaking to a crowd of thousands only two days after Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, Lincoln had mentioned his support of limited black suffrage, a position that enraged the well-known Maryland-born actor and Confederate sympathizer. Three days later, Booth arrived at Ford’s Theatre, where the Lincolns and their guests, Major Henry Rathbone and his fiancée, Clara Harris, were attending a performance of the play Our American Cousin. At around 10:15 p.m., Booth snuck into the presidential box, pointed a pistol to the back of Lincoln’s head, and pulled the trigger. He then drew a knife and slashed Rathbone, who tried to detain him, then jumped from the box to the stage floor, fracturing his left leg in the fall. Before making his escape on a horse waiting outside, Booth turned to the confused audience, raised his bloody knife over his head, and reportedly proclaimed, “Sic semper tryannis!” (“Thus always to tyrants!” in Latin). Lincoln, unconscious, was transported across the street to a bed in the first-floor room of a boardinghouse owned by William Petersen. He succumbed to his wound the following morning at 7:22 a.m, making him the first American president to die by an assassin’s hand. Eleven days later, Booth, holed up in the barn of a farm in northern Virginia, was shot and mortally wounded by Union soldiers. He died soon thereafter.
Shown here are images of artifacts associated with the Lincoln assassination. (All images courtesy of the Library of Congress.)